Posted in Naval & Aviation History

Santa Ana in Trafalgar (II): The Spanish Naval Standard Bearer that Fought in the Battle against the English Fleet

We continue telling our modeler friends the history of a fundamental warship in its next journey. The time has come for the Spanish ship of the line Santa Ana in Trafalgar, the naval battle that pitted the Iberians against the English Navy. The Hispanic vessel departs from the Bay of Cádiz on October 20th 1805 to arrive at Trafalgar the next day.

Wooden Model Ship Kit. Spanish Ship of Line Santa Ana Trafalgar 1805 Edition at 1:84 Scale (22905-N) by Artesanía Latina.

Commanding the Santa Ana? Commander José de Gardoqui, with the help of Lieutenant General Ignacio María de Álava and a Franco-Spanish fleet led by Gallic Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve and Lieutenant General Federico Gravina y Nápoli at the head of the ship Príncipe de Asturias. Of course, it should be noted that other important ships also accompany them. The vessels San Juan Nepomuceno with Cosme Damián de Churruca and Elorza, the Bahamas with Dionisio de Alcalá Galiano and the Santísima Trinidad with Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros. In addition, they are joined by numerous Spanish nobles and sailors.

SANTA ANA IN TRAFALGAR: DUEL AGAINST HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN

The Santa Ana in Trafalgar maintains a historic duel against the British ship led by Vice Admiral Collingwood, the relevant HMS Royal Sovereign. It all begins during the morning of October 21st 1805, when the two fleets position themselves for the combat. In this sense, Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve with the ship Bucentaure of 80 cannons lined up his ships to, in principle, avoid the confrontation. However, you must desist from maintaining the balance of peace. Two English naval formations in a line attack from the north and south. The famous 100-gun HMS Victory with Admiral Lord Horacio Nelson on deck and the other 100-gun Royal Sovereign with Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood.

Bucentaure suffering enemy fire from HMS Sandwich in Trafalgar. Oil by Auguste Mayer from 1836.

What are the first targets of the English? One, to divide the Franco-Spanish front into the vanguard and the center. The other, to separate the center from the rear. The Santa Ana in Trafalgar stands at the center of the battle line. It is then that he sees that the Royal Sovereign is approaching on his port side, so he decides to get out of formation to fight her. One of the greatest naval confrontations in history begins. They are the ones who light the fuse of the fight.

However, it is still not known for sure in which of the two warships shout fire first. Apparently, what is clear is that the Santa Ana in Trafalgar almost sank at the moment due to the fury and precision of the English guns. Other ships of the Spanish fleet become aware of the difficult situation that the Santa Ana ship of the line is going through and come to its aid.

CONSEQUENCES OF THE FIGHT IN TRAFALGAR BETWEEN SANTA ANA AND ROYAL SOVEREIGN

Consequences of all this? Huge damage to the Royal Sovereign that almost sank it when attacked from both flanks, although shortly after other English ships gave it a hand and she continued afloat. It is towed with deep difficulties to Gibraltar.

After the battle, HMS Victory leads the way and the Euryalus tows HMS Sovereign. Painting by Nicholas Pocock.

The Santa Ana in Trafalgar is left with extremely significant damage: the rudder is practically unusable, the stern almost does not exist and its decks are in broad daylight. The British take the ship, but the Spanish with the help of ship Rayo manage to raise their flag again. Known the terrible state of the ship, the French frigate Thetis tows it to Cádiz to fix itself. The La Carraca arsenal entered the dock on February 20th 1806, where it was completely repaired and even included a new copper lining. On December 9th Santa Ana is ready to sail again.

Santa Ana in Trafalgar. Return to Port in Cádiz.

Human casualties? The battle of the Santa Ana in Trafalgar, unfortunately, led to the death of 97 crew members, in addition to injuring 141 more. Of course, this ship of the line stands as the first to manage to stop the English.

SAD END FOR A GIANT OF SPANISH AND WORLD NAVAL HISTORY

Beyond the Battle of Trafalgar, the Spanish ship of the line Santa Ana has little more life. Starting because in 1808, just at the beginning of the Spanish War of Independence, it was unable to participate in the confrontation and capture of Admiral Rosily’s Gallic squadron in Cádiz. Why? Because it is still being repaired in the arsenal, so a new naval tactical disappointment for Spain.

In August 1812, it sets sail for Havana, where it arrived in November together with the Prince of Asturias and the English Implacable in a pitiful state. Without drinking water or food, their crews arrive in a fatal state of health. The intention is to insure these ships during the war against the French, but the cost was very expensive.

In 1816, the Spanish warship sinks in the Havana arsenal due to lack of hull. Its maintenance work is zero. It is located in one of the parts of the port. As last services, the Santa Ana is destined to, at least, act as a pontoon and as a depot for sailors. As a curiosity, in 1834 you could still see the Santa Ana together with the Príncipe de Asturias, both sunk. It provided more than three decades of highly relevant service for Spain. The Santa Ana is a true naval icon.

Plan of a ship with 112 guns. In the Battle of Trafalgar it carried 104 guns and 22 howitzers.

WOODEN MODEL SHIP KIT SPANISH SHIP OF THE LINE SANTA ANA AT 1:84 SCALE

Relive the Battle of Trafalgar with us. Bring this Spanish naval bastion back to life by building the splendid wooden model of the Spanish ship of the line Santa Ana (22905-N). New and limited Trafalgar 1805 edition! Find out on these two videos!

Read the first part of the post…

Posted in Naval & Aviation History

Santa Ana Vessel History (I): The Pioneer Colossus of European Warships of Its Class

We are lucky and our elite modelers friends too. You already know that we have manufactured a new edition of a very famous Spanish ship of the line: the so-called ‘Trafalgar 1805’. Let’s get to know, then, the relevant history of Santa Ana vessel in order to have a better perspective of what this great ship was like before assembling its splendid model ship in wood at 1:84 scale.

Wooden Model Ship Kit to Be Built. Spanish Vessel called Santa Ana (22905-N) at 1:84 scale made by Artesanía Latina.

HISTORY OF SANTA ANA VESSEL: DIMENSIONS

The Santa Ana was a Spanish ship of the line equipped with 112 cannons that was part of the glorious Spanish Armada. Of course, in the Battle of Trafalgar it was armed with 104 cannons and 32 howitzers, but… What were its measures? It had a length of 213.4 feet and a beam of 58 feet, in addition to a total weight of more than two tons. To build it, the plans of the Navy engineer José Romero Fernández de Landa were taken as an example. This, in turn, was based on how another ship of the line was created: the Purísima Concepción. In this case, the one who would direct the construction of the Santa Ana would be Miguel de la Puente, using the aforementioned guidelines, with the engineers Sánchez Bort and Tomás Muñoz.

History of Santa Ana Vessel: 19th Century Engraving.

The beautiful Santa Ana sailboat was erected as one of the pioneering ships with three decks called ‘Meregildos’. In this very special group of ships, there were also another seven that were born later as Príncipe de Asturias, Mejicano, Reina María Luisa, Conde de Regla, Salvador del Mundo, Real Carlos and San Hermenegildo. All were built based on the Santa Ana by Royal Order of 1786.

HISTORY OF SANTA ANA VESSEL: FEATURES

Its characteristics? Huge decks, great maneuverability, a strong military muscle thanks to its numerous cannons and a great resistance capacity against the attacks of the sea and enemies. It carried three masts with square sails and two or three artillery decks. It even had lightning rods and metal chains! If one fell, the system channeled the electrical discharge to the sea.

History of Santa Ana Vessel: Watercolor by R. Castex.

The history of the Santa Ana vessel shows it as one of the best. He created a new way of fighting in those times that would be essential for the Navy. The different ships lined up one behind the other to create an artillery front that fired at the same time. Although the Santa Ana was launched in 1784, even years later it still underwent some improvements.

Historia Navío Santa Ana. Batalla de Trafalgar, Pintura de John Steven Dews.

The Santa Ana and her naval brothers became the best warships on the European continent. It was a ‘sea monster’. Their crew? 745 sailors on its three decks, as a warship. When a conflict broke out, it was increased to 1,050. And, in the Battle of Trafalgar, it was up to 1,102. Of course, the largest of the ships of the line would finally be Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad, called ‘El Escorial de los Mares’.

INITIAL MARITIME JOURNEYS OF THE SHIP OF THE LINE

The history of the Santa Ana vessel begins in 1785 with Commander Félix de Tejada at the helm to make its first voyage, its first test. The maritime route began in El Ferrol and ended in Cádiz. He realizes that, even though it is very resistant in the worst navigation conditions, certain improvements must be made to the rigging and he opens the third La Carraca breakwater a year later.

In July 1797, the ship of the line Santa Ana begins to forge its legend. Admiral Jervis and Rear Admiral Nelson of the British Royal Navy attempt to storm Cádiz. And that is where sixteen gunboats are positioned between Rota, La Caleta (gate of Seville) and Sancti Petri, and an additional fifteen at the mouth of the port. Thus, they support the warship and reject the English under the orders of José de Mazarredo. Of course, the blockade and the British presence is repeated more times.

In February 1798, the Santa Ana resumed its maritime voyage with Mazarredo’s squadron. Twenty-two ships, five frigates and three brigantines to pursue the British fleet, made up of only 9 ships and several frigates. This withdrew towards San Vicente, while the Spanish squadron, failing to catch up with them, entered Cádiz again on the 13th. Jervis appeared four days later with twenty-two ships and six frigates to resume the blockade.

 

HISTORY OF SANTA ANA VESSEL: FIRST SETBACKS

Commander Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros took command in July 1799, aided by Lieutenant General Grandallana, campaigning in the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Cadiz. However, anecdotally, he was stranded shortly after starting his journey towards Brest together with the French fleet.

What happens then? That the Spanish warship is forced to return to the port of the Andalusian city to disarm and repair itself. A great setback for Spain for which Hidalgo de Cisneros is tried in court martial, although he is totally acquitted at the end of the process. Just before the Battle of Trafalgar, in which we will deepen in the next post, the history of the ship Santa Ana joins the captaincy of Alcalá Galiano between 1803 and 1804.

In the meantime, you can read more about the Santa Ana Line Ship Wooden Model (22905-N) and you can order it at this other link. Be amazed by its beauty and go ahead and build it!

Wooden Model Ship Kit to Be Built. Spanish Vessel called Santa Ana (22905-N) at 1:84 scale made by Artesanía Latina.

Read the second part of the post…

Posted in Naval & Aviation History

History of HMB Endeavour: The British Ship with which James Cook discovered Australia, Now in a Fabulous Modeling Kit

If there was a fundamental ship for Humanity, in addition to the caravels of the Discovery of America, that was the British research ship HMB Endeavour of the 18th century. With this, Captain James Cook discovered Australia and made it easier to know where Tahiti, New Zealand and many other islands were located. Thanks to its existence, new animal and plant species were also discovered. Likewise, it allowed the calculation with great precision of the position in longitude by means of mathematical formulas. So the contribution of James Cook’s voyages to navigation, seamanship and geographical exploration are undoubtedly of historical importance. It is an ideal time for us to immerse ourselves, then, a little more in the history of HMB Endeavour. Precisely, a few months ago the location and existence of the wreck was confirmed, as can be read in this interesting article from Australian Geographic.

HMB Endeavour was 32 meters long, 8.9 meters wide and 3.4 meters deep. Her rigging was of the frigate type. Speaking of its armament, it had 22 guns: 10 4-pounders and 12 swivel. Regarding the sail, it had 897 square meters. This allowed it to reach speeds of 7 to 8 knots (13 to 15 km per hour).

History of the 18th Century British Survey Ship HMB Endeavour.

HISTORY OF HMB ENDEAVOUR: PIONEER OF THE MODERN OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH SHIP

More than two and a half centuries ago, an English coal ship originally called the Earl of Pembroke (1764) emerged as the forerunner of the oceanographic research ship of our times. The HMB Endeavour and its own history are essential, they marked an era and a change in knowledge. It all started with the efforts of British Royal Navy Captain James Cook -at the time a lieutenant-. Mount your first major expedition to the South Sea. Being able to go to Tahiti, discovered a year earlier, to install an astronomical observatory to observe the transit of Venus in 1769. The goal? Measure the size of the Solar System.

History of the 18th Century British Ship HMB Endeavour: James Cook's First Route (Source: Wikipedia).

The history of HMB Endeavour as an exploration ship begins in Plymouth (England) in August 1768 with 94 people and supplies for a year and a half. Being a coal ship, even having been converted into a research vessel, it had enormous holds that were modified in order to store provisions. As they were used up, those spaces were occupied by instruments, plants and animals that they found during their journey. The organization of its crew was spectacular: sailors for naval operations, officers and infantrymen for shipboard discipline and external attacks, and scientists and artists to study and reflect on milestones.

On April 10th, 1769, HMB Endeavour reached Tahiti after passing through Madeira, Rio de Janeiro and Cape Horn. Unfortunately, exact measurements could not be obtained with the transit of Venus since the planet had a very diffuse profile. At least, yes, the astronomer Charles Green was able to appreciate and record it. The challenge was only achieved one hundred years later thanks to photography. In July, Cook opened a secret letter from the Navy Department urging him to find Australia.

HISTORY OF HMB ENDEAVOUR: THE DISCOVERY OF AUSTRALIA

For half a year, the HMB Endeavour circled New Zealand and realized that it was not a continent but islands. In 1770 Cook claimed them as British after mapping almost four thousand kilometers of coastline in three months.

It was precisely in April of that same year when it ran into the east coast of Australia, which it bordered towards the north until in June it ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef Coral. In this sense, he managed to free the ship, although with damage to the hull that was attempted to be repaired. After setting foot on land again, they continued west but this time he learned his lesson. A auxiliary boat led the expedition to measure the depth.

The history of HMB Endeavour continued heading west until October, the month in which it arrived in Jakarta, Indonesia. There he took advantage of three months to repair the ship, however, many lives of the crew were lost due to malaria. At Christmas, he headed home and on July 12, 1771, the port of Dover (England) received the HMS Endeavor with 38 fewer crew members.

Hull repairs in Jakarta.

After James Cook’s expedition, HMB Endeavour was used for military purposes until it was decommissioned in 1774, to be sold and renamed Lord Sandwich in 1775. Its last service was fighting in the US War of Independence. It was sunk in Narragansett Bay to prevent the French landing at Newport in the Battle of Rhode Island. Currently, as we mentioned, the location of the wreck has been certified and there is a faithful replica of the original.

WOODEN SHIP MODELING KITS: BOAT AND CAPTAIN’S BOAT

Artesania Latina offers our modelers friends the chance to build the fantastic wooden models of the HMB Endeavour (22520) and its captain’s boat (19005). The first of the models is addressed to modelers with an intermediate level of skills and knowledge in ship modeling. The second, to beginner modelers.

Wooden Naval Modeling Kit with British Ship Model HMB Endeavour (22520) by Artesania Latina. Wooden Naval Modeling Kit with Ship Model of the Captain's boat HMB Endeavour (19005) by Artesania Latina.

They are faithful miniature replicas of these historic vessels. Our modelers have looked at official documentation for their design, so the assembly experience is satisfactory and improved. Anyone will have a great time in order to build these naval beauties. Now, you can paint both ships with the Specific Set of Acrylic Paints for HMB Endeavour (277PACK7) for sale separately. The finishes you will get will be much more realistic.

Specific Set of Acrylic Paints for HMB Endeavour Model (277PACK7) by ArtesanIa Latina.

In addition, HMB Endeavour and its history need a crew to give the ship more life. Get the Specific Set of Figures and Accessories (22520-F), also for sale separately.

Set of 14 Metal Figures with Accessories for HMB Endeavour (22520-F) by Artesania Latina.

Do you want to relive historical moments? Build our fabulous ship modeling kits! Now, it is available the fantastic Gift Pack of HMB Endeavour (22520-L).

Gift Pack with British Ship Model HMB Endeavour (22520-L) by Artesania Latina.

Gift Pack with British Ship Model HMB Endeavour (22520-L) by Artesania Latina.

The British ship with which Captain James Cook discovered Australia, of course, has a very interesting Gift Pack. This HMS Endeavour Gift Pack (22520-L) includes 1:65 scale model of the ship (22520), the set of 14 metal figurines and accessories (22520-F), the set of specific acrylic paints (277PACK7) and the LED lighting set (27590). Give modeling!

Posted in Naval & Aviation History

History of the Belem Training Ship: The French Navigable Monument is 125 years

The French Training Ship Belem celebrates this 2021 one hundred and twenty-five years of history. It was launched in 1896 with a steel hull at the Dubigeon shipyard in Nantes for a purely commercial use between France and Brazil and the Indies for the transport of goods such as sugar or cocoa. To commemorate this important date, what better way to talk about its life, also full of great importance.

History of the Belem Training Ship. The French Sailboat, Docked in Port.

First, we must highlight the enormous measures of the Belem training ship. The boat is 51 meters length, not counting the 7 meters of the bowsprit, by 8.80 meters of maximum beam. In addition, it has three large masts 58 meters height.

The French Sailboat, Docked in Port.

Thanks to the efforts and money of its various owners, the Gallic ship is currently the last three-masted sailing ship to sail in all of Europe. In addition, it is the most precious jewel of the naval heritage of France. In this sense, the Belem received the classification of Historical Monument on February 27, 1984.

History of the Belem Training Ship. The French Sailboat, Docked in Port.

Throughout its history, the Belem school ship has suffered many mishaps and inconveniences, as happens with almost all old ships that still ply the waters of the Earth. This long-lived cargo sailboat passed alternately by English, Italian and again French hands.

With the successive implantation of the steamship, the sailboats of maritime routes gradually disappeared. In 1914 it happened to the Belem when it was acquired by the Duke of Westminster, who decided to transform the ship into an excellent leisure boat. Curiously, it had to be docked on the English Isle of Wight for several years because of the bloody World War I.

HISTORY OF BELEM TRAINING SHIP: AROUND THE WORLD WITH THE SAILBOAT

At the beginning of the 20s of the last century, another lover of the Belem school ship, in this case, Arthur Ernest Guinness, bought the three-masted sailboat and went around the world with his whole family. As mentioned previously, the French ship also passed through Italian hands since 1951, establishing itself as the Italian training ship.

Real image of the command post of the French Belem School Ship.

The Belem was motorized and renamed for various uses – luxury cruise and training ship. Finally, he was discovered by chance in Venice in a sorry state in the late 1970s by a nostalgic hobbyist.

Purchased with the support of a large French bank, the sailboat returned to its native country in 1979. The bank financed the Belem Foundation, which began its restoration. Currently, the Belem training ship is now converted to cabotage as it offers introductory and discovery courses for enthusiasts. It is destined for the French Navy for the training of its cabin boys, appearing also in the great meetings of traditional sailboats.The last works carried out have been the restoration of the furniture with mahogany wood from Cuba.

Live the passion for history and naval modeling with the fantastic model of the French training ship Belem 1/75. A museum jewel for your eyes!Naval modeling. Belem French Training Ship Model at 1/75 scale (22519).

Click here to read the post about the model…

Posted in Naval & Aviation History

Swedish Ship Model Vasa 1/65 (II): History of the Unlucky Warship

wLearn about the history of Vasa ship in this post and build the spectacular wooden model of this Swedish warship at 1/65 scale. The Vasa was the flagship of the Swedish crown and empire. Or pretended to be. This is so because a kilometer and a half of being launched at the port of Stockholm, in August 10th 1628, it sank due to its instability.

History of Vasa Ship. Swedish Wooden Warship Model Vasa 1/65.

WHY AND HOW DID VASA VESSEL SINK?

How did such a great vessel sink in its first voyage? The history of Vasa ship is curious. The Vasa carried a lot of cargo, and not being well stowed so, after a strong gust of wind, it moved to the other side of the warship, thus worsening the capsizing of Swedish naval history benchmark.

Everything happened, according to some investigations, by the impatience of King Gustavus II because of the delays, as it was possible to verify, nobody contradicted him and the ship was launched with the known result.

History of Vasa Ship. Swedish Wooden Warship Model Vasa 1/65.

Other studies assert that the Vasa was designed as a smaller ship than it was after, mainly because of the incorporation of a second battery of cannons, already begun its construction. It seems that, for example, the embrasures were too close to the water, so the entry of the sea to the ship was more feasible; the ship was too tall in relation to its beam; and its center of gravity, therefore, was very high.

Once launched in port of Stockholm, the water began to enter through the embrasures of the cannons lower line. Fifteen minutes later the boat was already at the bottom of the sea. Not because of a strong gust of wind, because there was only a small breeze, but really because of the bad design of the Vasa ship.

HISTORY OF VASA SHIP. NAVIGATION AND ARTILLERY POWER

To boost its naval artillery, the aforementioned monarch ordered the Vasa to be built with 64 bronze cannons arranged in three different bridges. The upper one, the high battery and the low battery. In addition to endowing it with a great power to move 1,200 tons.

Real image of the Swedish ship, exhibited in the Vasa Museum in Stockholm.

This great vessel was built along with three others by order of King Gustavus II. He wanted to have some more advanced war resources on the Thirty Years War against Poland. A large one more, like Vasa size, called Tre Kronor -Three Crowns- and two more of smaller size.

History of Vasa Ship. Swedish Wooden Warship Model Vasa 1/65.

Now, the most expert modelers can assemble the most faithful historical replica in the market thanks to the Vasa modeling kit, designed and manufactured by Artesania Latina.

More info about Vasa warship modeling kit, click here.

History of Vasa Ship. Swedish Wooden Warship Model Vasa 1/65.

More info about the history of this vessel, click here.

 

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Posted in Naval & Aviation History

Red Baron’s Fokker Dr. I astonishes in Japan

On August 1st, the best aerial model par excellence will arrive to our central store: the mythical triplane of World War I, Fokker Dr. I, who was piloted by the renowned Red Baron. This fabulous 1/16 scale replica has been created with the latest 3D technologies and the experience of our modeling team.

The scale model is made of wood and metal as the original airplane was built: it has more than 750 parts and their measurements are 17.72” (450 mm) x 14.17” (360 mm) x 7.24” (184 mm). It includes step-by-step instructions with video tutorials and more than 600 photos for a simpler and more pleasant assembly.

 

THE FOKKER DR. I, AT SHIZUOKA’S HOBBY FAIR

The 1/16 scale model of the Fokker Dr. I was present at the stand of our distributor in Japan at the Hobby Fair in Shizuoka, known as the Tamiya Fair, the most important in the world in this sector: most of the Japanese manufacturing companies such as Tamiya, Hasegawa, Platz or Ebbro were there.

 

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The Tamiya Fair is a hobby fair in the broadest sense: from plastic modeling with scaled vehicles to the original ones – both present -; wood models with quality parts such as those of Artesanía Latina or Woody Joe: Drones, planes, boats, cars, motorcycles and a lot of radio control are some of the alternatives with which the visitor could find.

56th-shizuoka-hobby-show-2017

 

Our modeling kit from the German triplane Fokker Dr. I of the Red Baron delighted the modelers who were at the Tamiya Fair and it will not disappoint the customers of Artesanía Latina who buy it.

It is an incredible 1/16 scale model of the German airplane, very compact and it has numerous details. Faithful replica of the original even with the same materials: metal, for the structure; And wood, for the wings. Suitable for exposure in any dependency even having a large scale for its compact measures.

 

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Also, the Fokker Dr. I Modeling Kit has the best and most detailed multimedia instructions on the market with 7 languages ​​on DVD: video tutorials and more than 600 photos that teach you accurately all the steps to build this fantastic model, that is, up to get a museum quality model.

Its unique details of high quality, as a BONUS, will make you fall in love with this magnificent piece: precious methacrylate base with the name of the airplane, brass and steel engraving, injected metal parts, cockpit details, metal structure And wings of wood, not forgetting the poster of the plane to scale 1: 1.

 

Take a look at the videos we’ve created for you:

 

Fokker Dr. I, the Red Baron’s Triplane.

Presentation of Fokker Dr. I, the Triad of the Red Baron.

Contents of the Fokker Modeling Kit Dr. I, the Red Baron’s Triplane.

 

Buy your Fokker Dr. I Modeling Kit!